Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangaria/misc
(Various families in series Carangaria) > Polynemidae
Etymology: Polydactylus: Greek, poly = a lot of + greek, daktylos = finger (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 10 - 56 m (Ref. 45356), usually 10 - 56 m (Ref. 45356). Tropical; 4°S - 34°S, 113°E - 154°E (Ref. 57343)
Eastern Indian Ocean and Western Pacific: known only from southern Indonesia (Timor and Arafura seas) and northern Australia (Exmouth Gulf, Western Australia to Clarence River, New South Wales) (Ref. 9685). The type locality (China) may most likely be erroneous.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1844); 24.5 cm FL (female)
Inhabits coastal waters over sand or mud bottoms. Feeds on prawns. Often taken in association with Penaeus prawns in the Gulf of Carpentaria.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sex change occurs between 12-14 cm SL (Ref. 45356).
Motomura, H., 2004. Threadfins of the world (Family Polynemidae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of polynemid species known to date. FAO Spec. Cat. Fish. Purp. Rome: FAO. 3:117 p. (Ref. 57343)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 28.7, mean 27.7 °C (based on 632 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00813 (0.00486 - 0.01360), b=3.12 (2.98 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.16).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (18 of 100) .