Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 244 - 1948 m (Ref. 27311), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 46°N - 52°S, 180°W - 180°E
Western Atlantic: 20°N to Brazil including the Gulf of Mexico, with expatriates in the slope water region. Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania to South Africa (Agulhas water pockets). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Indo-Pacific: north and south equatorial currents and equatorial countercurrents, and in the east Australian and Agulhas currents. Also in the Eastern Central Pacific (Ref. 9325). Larvae found in Taiwan Strait (Ref. 43570). South China Sea and East China Sea (Ref.74511).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 7 - ? cm
Max length : 8.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5951)
Neustonic to mesopelagic (Ref. 58302). High-oceanic, nyctoepipelagic at the surface and down to 125 m. Found between 425-750 m during the day. Sexually mature from about 65 mm (Ref. 4479). Proximate analysis (excluding head) reveals that lipid content is 2.0 % in fresh body weight and wax ester is 17.2 % in total lipids (Ref. 9193).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.9 - 10.4, mean 6.6 °C (based on 1525 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00223 - 0.01418), b=3.10 (2.88 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .