Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Gibelion: Derived from Latin, gibber = hump (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 5 - ? m (Ref. 4832). Subtropical; 18°C - 28°C (Ref. 12468); 34°N - 19°S
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Nepal and Myanmar. Introduced elsewhere.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 182 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236); max. published weight: 38.6 kg (Ref. 72380)
soft rays: 7 - 8. Body deep, with depth 2.5 to 3 times in standard length (Ref. 4832). Has a large, upturned mouth (Ref. 3264), with a prominent protruding lower jaw (Ref. 4832). Pectoral fins long, extending to pelvic fins; scales conspicuously large (Ref. 4832).
Adults occur in rivers, lakes and culture ponds (Ref. 41236). Mature individuals breed in rivers (Ref. 4832). Surface and mid-water feeders, mainly omnivorous with juveniles feeding on aquatic and terrestrial insects, detritus and phytoplankton.
Menon, A.G.K., 1999. Check list - fresh water fishes of India. Rec. Zool. Surv. India, Misc. Publ., Occas. Pap. No. 175, 366 p. (Ref. 41236)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; aquaculture: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00525 - 0.01444), b=3.08 (2.94 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.22 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.28; tm=3-5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 139 [48, 316] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.19 [0.55, 2.25] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.2 [16.0, 18.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.893 [0.320, 2.545] g/100g ; Selenium = 76.5 [28.6, 239.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 2.18 [0.60, 8.13] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.875 [0.493, 1.528] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.