Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Argyrozona: Greek, argyros = silver, silvered + Greek, zono = belt (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 20 - 200 m (Ref. 3198). Subtropical; 32°S - 35°S
Western Indian Ocean: Natal to Table Bay in South Africa.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 23 - 29.7 cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3507); max. published weight: 3.5 kg (Ref. ); max. reported age: 27 years (Ref. 50711)
An important food fish. Adults feed mainly on fish, crustaceans and cephalopods (Ref. 4350). Spawn mainly during summer (Ref. 4350). Sometimes undertake large-scale migrations (Ref. 4350).
Bauchot, M.-L. and M.M. Smith, 1984. Sparidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51). volume 4. [var. pag.] FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3507)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.6 - 19.5, mean 16.3 °C (based on 19 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00630 - 0.02093), b=3.02 (2.87 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=5-6; tmax=27; K=0.07-0.08; Fec=11,000-1 million).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (71 of 100) .