Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae
(Dottybacks) > Congrogadinae
Etymology: Halimuraena: Greek, als, alis = salt + Latin, muraena = morey eel (Ref. 45335); lepopareia: Name from the Greek word 'lepos'(= a scale) and 'pareia' (= a cheek), referring to the diagnostic scaled cheek; noun in apposition. More on author: Winterbottom.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - 2 m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 10°S - 16°S
Western Indian Ocean: Pamanzi Island, Comoros to Nossi Bé, northern Madagascar.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 675)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 37 - 40. Gill membranes fused ventrally but free from isthmus. Shoulder with a dark ocellated spot. Preopercular canal with 6 pores; 8 suborbital pores; possess a bilateral, anterior interorbital pore. Cheeks, opercles and nape scaled. Second intermittent lateral line along midlateral septum, with 18-56 pored scales.
Inhabits shallow water among weed, rock, and coral.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Winterbottom, R., 1985. Revision and vicariance biogeography of the subfamily Congrogadidae (Pisces: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Indo-Pac. Fish. (9):34 p. (Ref. 531)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.8 - 27.9, mean 27.5 °C (based on 60 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .