Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae
(Dottybacks) > Congrogadinae
Etymology: Congrogadus: Latin, conger = conger + Latin, gadus = a fish, perhaps cod (Ref. 45335). More on author: Borodin.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Eastern Indian Ocean: northwestern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3132)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 52 - 55;
Vertebrae: 67 - 70. Opercle with an ocellated spot. Gill membranes fused with the isthmus. Usually 6 pores in preopercular canal; no posterior otic sensory canal pore; posterior interorbital pore usually absent. A pale bar below eye; a pale stripe from posterodorsal region of eye to anterior of lateral line; pale median stripe from tip of snout to origin of dorsal fin. Spots arranged in 3-5 irregular rows.
Inhabits coarse sand bottoms with weed and sponge. The species has been taken by trawl in 4 to 8 m from Exmouth Gulf and at 60 m in the Arafura Sea.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Winterbottom, R., 1985. Revision and vicariance biogeography of the subfamily Congrogadidae (Pisces: Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). Indo-Pac. Fish. (9):34 p. (Ref. 531)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.3 - 28.8, mean 27.8 °C (based on 388 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.58 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .