Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Pseudamiinae
Etymology: Pseudamia: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, amia = a kind of shark (Ref. 45335). More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 64 m (Ref. 526), usually 1 - 40 m (Ref. 37816). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Sydney Harbor, New South Wales (Australia). Not yet reported from the Persian Gulf, India, Malaysia, Lord Howe Island, Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands, Pitcairn Group, and Easter Island (Ref. 526). Recently recorded from India (Ref. 45255).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 24. This species is distinguished by the following characters: dorsal fin rays VI-I, 9; anal fin rays II, 8; pectoral fin rays 15; pelvic fin rays I, 5; pored lateral line scales 35; predorsal scales 5-6; circumpeduncular scales 12; total gill rakers 11, developed gill rakers 8 (Ref. 093839); body translucent when fresh; sides and ventral part of head light golden to silvery iridescent; head and body with large brown spots with golden dot on the center; dusky peritoneum with numerous black dots. Anterior nostril with long, darkly pigmented membranous flap. Dorsal part of caudal fin sometimes with an indistinct dark spot. 39-43 scales in longitudinal series. This species has fewer gill rakers and anal fin rays than P. amblyuroptera (Ref. 37816).
Inhabits protected bays and lagoon reefs. Lives deep in coral thickets, thus is seldom seen by day (mainly nocturnal). Solitary (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., E.A. Lachner and T.H. Fraser, 1985. Revision of the Indo-Pacific apogonid fish genus Pseudamia, with descriptions of three new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. 6:1-23. (Ref. 526)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29, mean 27.6 °C (based on 1302 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 162 [92, 348] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.892 [0.563, 1.496] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.124 [0.072, 0.215] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.2 [16.5, 65.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 75.6 [26.3, 209.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.79 [1.21, 2.62] mg/100g (wet weight);