Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Diodontidae
Etymology: Chilomycterus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, mykter, -eros = nose (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Rutter.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 44 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Atlantic: southeastern Florida, USA and the Bahamas to northeastern Brazil (Ref. 13608).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26938)
soft rays: 11 - 12. Body with five or more black blotches and a fine network of lines which cuts off pale, cell-like areas (Ref. 5521). Spines short, especially those ventrally on body, and rigidly erect; 12 spines in an approximately row from front of head to dorsal fin; a large black spot above pectoral fin and a smaller one beneath and posterior to fin (Ref. 13442).
Inhabits coral reefs with adjacent seagrass and rubble areas (Ref. 9710). Between 1995 and 2000, at least 10 specimens have been traded as aquarium fish at Ceará, Brazil (Ref. 49392).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.), 1983. Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.3 - 28, mean 27 °C (based on 306 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.04786 (0.01967 - 0.11644), b=2.82 (2.61 - 3.03), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 59.8 [23.9, 126.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.596 [0.356, 1.183] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [16.5, 21.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.133 [0.069, 0.249] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.6 [16.1, 69.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 66 [20, 214] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.08 [0.71, 1.66] mg/100g (wet weight);