Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae
(Righteye flounders) > Pleuronichthyinae
Etymology: Pleuronichthys: Greek, pleura = side, ribe Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); decurrens: From the Greek pleuron meaning side, and ichthys meaning fish (Ref. 6885); and from the Latin decurrens, meaning 'running down' (Ref. 27436) More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 8 - 533 m (Ref. 6885), usually 20 - m (Ref. 27436). Subtropical; 0°C -
Eastern Pacific: Prince William Sound, Alaska to Bahia San Quintin, northern Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Commonly found on soft bottom (Ref. 2850). Feed on brittle stars and nudibranchs (Ref. 27436). Minimal interest to anglers, usually an incidental catch (Ref. 27436).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.7 - 14, mean 8.8 °C (based on 318 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00679 - 0.04056), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (43 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 84.2 [41.7, 193.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.923 [0.533, 1.710] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.6 [16.3, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.25 [0.12, 0.47] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [13.2, 62.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.1 [3.2, 52.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.685 [0.441, 1.069] mg/100g (wet weight);