Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae
(Righteye flounders) > Pleuronichthyinae
Etymology: Pleuronichthys: Greek, pleura = side, ribe Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 18 - 350 m (Ref. 6885). Subtropical
Eastern Pacific: Sitka, southeastern Alaska to Bahia San Quintin, northern Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Found on flat bottoms and rocky areas (Ref. 2850). Young are common in shallow water during the summer but adults frequently in deeper water (Ref. 6885).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: public aquariums
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.7 - 10.8, mean 7.1 °C (based on 123 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00676 - 0.04074), b=3.01 (2.80 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.39 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 80.9 [40.8, 188.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.02 [0.60, 1.84] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.1, 18.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.225 [0.114, 0.427] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.2 [13.9, 62.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.39 [2.34, 37.34] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.762 [0.495, 1.185] mg/100g (wet weight);