Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Liparidae
Etymology: Liparis: Greek, liparos = fat (Ref. 45335); rutteri: Named after C. Rutter, of the U.S. Fish Commission (Ref. 6885). More on authors: Gilbert & Snyder.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 73 m (Ref. 2850). Temperate
North Pacific: known only from the Bering Sea, the northern Gulf of Alaska (Kodiak) and southeastern Alaska (Yakutat). Records from further south must be considered highly doubtful, especially if specimens measure greater than 6 or 7 cm.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 50520)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 23 - 26;
Vertebrae: 37 - 38. A small (less than 70 mm SL) species; caudal fin rays 11-12, pyloric caeca 18-31; body slender, maximum depth 14.6-24.1% SL; disk length 53.7-70.8% HL; skin lax and wrinkled, relatively thin, fragile; prickles present in both sexes at least during spawning; males with elongate, thickened, deeply incised anterior dorsal fin rays (Ref. 50520).
Occurs from intertidal areas to 73 m depth (Ref. 2850).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Stein, D.L., C.E. Bond and D. Misitano, 2003. Liparis adiastolus (Teleostei, Liparidae): a new snailfish species from the littoral zone of the northeastern Pacific, and redescription of Liparis rutteri (Gilbert and Snyder, 1898). Copeia 2003(4):818-823. (Ref. 50520)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 13.2, mean 6.3 (based on 487 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00217 - 0.00962), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .