Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Cottidae
Etymology: Icelus: From Icelus = the Morpheus name; mythology. More on authors: Gilbert & Burke.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 12 - 930 m (Ref. 58426), usually 125 - 150 m (Ref. 56590). Polar; -2°C - 8°C (Ref. 4698); 84°N - 45°N, 180°W - 180°E (Ref. 117245)
Arctic to Northwest Atlantic: Ungava Bay, Gulf of St. Lawrence in Canada and Greenland; Kara Sea and southeastern part of Barents Sea (Ref. 4698).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56590); common length : 12.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 56590); max. published weight: 160.00 g (Ref. 56590); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 56590)
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 13 - 18. Young with 2 dark blotches on body, which break up into small dark brown spots in adults; spinous dorsal fin with 1-2 round dark patches, soft part with a few comparatively broad dark stripes; upper part of pectoral fin with transverse stripes; anal and pelvic fins colorless; caudal fin with irregular spots (Ref. 4698).
Found on sand or sandy-mud bottoms with stones with salinities of 24.7-34.2 ppt (Ref. 4698). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mainly large bottom invertebrates, rarely small mollusks (Ref. 4698).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.5 - 4.2, mean -0.5 (based on 376 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00302 - 0.01661), b=3.13 (2.93 - 3.33), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.5 se; Based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (42 of 100) .