Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
() > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Cynoscion: Greek, kyon = dog + Greek, odous = teeth + Greek, skion, skiaina = barbel, red mullet (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range ? - 60 m (Ref. 54344). Subtropical; 10°S - 45°S, 65°W - 33°W
Southwest Atlantic: southern Brazil to central Argentina.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 31 - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. ); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6077)
Maximum length assumed to be 1.5 * 40 = 60 cm TL (RF).
Menni, R.C., R.A. Ringuelet and R.H. Aramburu, 1984. Peces marinos de la Argentina y Uruguay. Editorial Hemisferio Sur S.A. Buenos, Aires, Argentina. 359 p. (Ref. 2806)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.3 - 22.9, mean 15.9 °C (based on 152 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00668 - 0.01568), b=2.97 (2.84 - 3.10), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 4.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=3; K=0.23-0.28; Min batch fecundity >10,000).
Prior r = 0.57, 95% CL = 0.37 - 0.85, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .