Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Scorpaenoidei
(Scorpionfishes) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 740 m (Ref. 50610), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C -
North Pacific: eastern Kamchatka to Pervenets Canyon in the Bering Sea and from Stalemate Bank to Graham Island (Queen Charlotte Islands), British Columbia, Canada.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 27.7  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27437); max. reported age: 57 years (Ref. 39247)
Morphology | Morphometrics
spines: 3. Head spines very weak - nasal spines present, preocular, postocular and parietal spines usually present, supraocular, tympanic, coronal and nuchal spines absent (Ref. 27437). The only rockfish in the eastern Gulf of Alaska with 14 dorsal fin spines; second anal fin spine as long as the 3rd (Ref. 27437). Top of head convex between eyes (Ref. 27437). Dark red with gray mottling and orange flecks; lower edge of pectoral fin white (Ref. 27437).
Found on soft bottoms (Ref. 2850). Viviparous (Ref. 34817).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 0.9 - 5.9, mean 3.9 °C (based on 236 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00468 - 0.01948), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (K=0.18; tmax=57).
Prior r = 0.06, 95% CL = 0.04 - 0.10, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .