Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 24 - 274 m (Ref. 2850), usually 60 - 149 m (Ref. 52190). Subtropical; 38°N - 22°N, 123°W - 110°W
Eastern Pacific: San Francisco in California, USA to southern Baja California, Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 24.5, range 23 - 34 cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 32 years (Ref. 39277)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults usually found on deep reefs (Ref. 2850). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae and pelagic juveniles (Ref. 36715). Occasionally captured by sport fishers (Ref. 2850).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9.7 - 17.2, mean 12.1 (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 12.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm=7; tmax=32).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (67 of 100) .