Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 0 - 1200 m (Ref. 50550). Deep-water; 61°N - 34°N
North Pacific: southeastern Kamchatka to Navarin Canyon in the Bering Sea, Stalemate and Bowers Banks and the Aleutian Islands south to Point Conception, California, USA. Reported from southern Japan (Ref. 559).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 47.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 108 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27437); max. published weight: 16.2 kg (Ref. 40637); max. reported age: 157 years (Ref. 39247)
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 26. Head spines strong to moderate - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic, coronal (may be absent), parietal and nuchal spines present (Ref. 27437). Less than 2 spines on lower orbital rim; very large pores on lower jaw (Ref. 27437). Caudal fin moderately indented (Ref. 6885). Reddish pink to orange red; mouth red and may have black blotches (Ref. 27437).
Found on soft bottoms (Ref. 2850). Viviparous (Ref. 34817).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.1 - 5.9, mean 3.7 (based on 205 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01047 (0.00669 - 0.01640), b=3.09 (2.96 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.3 se; Based on diet studies.
Generation time: 36.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median LN(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=157; k=0.04).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (71 of 100) .