Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Scorpaeniformes
(Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae
(Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335); aurora: From the 'aurora' meaning dawn - referring to the colouring (Ref. 6885). More on author: Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 124 - 769 m (Ref. 27437), usually 366 - 550 m (Ref. 6885). Deep-water; 55°N - 28°N, 135°W - 114°W
Northeast Pacific: Amphitrite Point in Vancouver Island, Canada to Cedros Island, Baja California, Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 28 - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27437); max. reported age: 75 years (Ref. 55644)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5 - 6. Head spines strong - nasal, preocular, supraocular, postocular, tympanic, parietal and nuchal spines present, coronals usually absent (Ref. 27437). Small lobes projecting from anterior part of upper jaw (Ref. 27437). Second anal fin spine long (Ref. 27437). Rose-red to pink dorsally, silvery on sides and ventrally (Ref. 27437).
Common offshore (Ref. 2850). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae and pelagic juveniles (Ref. 36715). Trawled on soft bottom and when caught scales usually rub off, leaving white pockets bordered by red; also caught in sablefish traps (Ref. 2850).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.5 - 7.5, mean 5.4 (based on 15 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (tmax=75; tm=5).
Prior r = 0.03, 95% CL = 0.01 - 0.06, Based on 1 stock assessment.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (56 of 100) .