Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Trachurus: Greek, trachys, -eia, -ys = rough + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335); symmetricus: From symmetricus which means regularly formed - referring to the rough tail (Ref. 6885).
More on author: Ayres.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 400 m. Subtropical; 65°N - 13°N
Eastern Pacific: southeastern Alaska to southern Baja California, Mexico and the Gulf of California; reported from Acapulco in Mexico and the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - 31 cm
Max length : 81.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); common length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9283); max. reported age: 30 years (Ref. 766)
Adults are often found offshore, up to 500 miles from the coast (Ref. 9283). They form large schools (Ref. 2850). Young frequently occur in school near kelp and under piers (Ref. 2850). They feed mainly on small crustaceans and fish larvae (Ref. 9283). Large individuals often move inshore and north in the summer (Ref. 2850). Marketed fresh, smoked, canned and frozen; eaten fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 7 - 16.2, mean 9.2 °C (based on 50 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00600 - 0.01591), b=2.95 (2.81 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.09-0.21;tm=2-3; tmax=30; Fec<50,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High to very high vulnerability (66 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate vulnerability (37 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 262 [158, 439] mg/100g ; Iron = 5.53 [3.09, 9.45] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [19.5, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.346 [0.228, 0.529] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.8 [23.4, 76.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 4.62 [1.16, 17.48] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.64 [1.13, 2.38] mg/100g (wet weight);