Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Labridae
Etymology: Oxyjulis: Greek, oxy = sharp + Greek, ioulis, a fish dealing with genera Coris or Thalassoma (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 97 m (Ref. 96339). Subtropical; 39°N - 22°N, 124°W - 110°W
Eastern Pacific: Salt Point in northern California, USA to southern central Baja California, Mexico.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 4 years (Ref. 56049)
Live in kelp and other seaweeds and over rocks. Occurs in intertidal up to 97 m (Ref. 96339). Found usually at depths shallower than 23 m but also caught at depths up to 73 m. Often form small groups, frequently well off bottom. When disturbed often burrows in bottom sediment. Sleep at night buried in sand with head protruding. Feed on a variety of small invertebrates and also picks parasites from other fishes that come to be cleaned. No sex reversal. Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner (Ref. 56049). Also Ref. 103751.
Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 12.9 - 22.9, mean 18.8 °C (based on 10 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00183 - 0.01092), b=3.14 (2.93 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tm=1; tmax=4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 147 [71, 317] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.87 [1.01, 3.49] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [15.3, 20.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.271 [0.143, 0.490] g/100g ; Selenium = 34.4 [16.2, 71.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.6 [3.8, 53.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.1 [0.7, 2.3] mg/100g (wet weight);