Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Cirrhitidae
Etymology: Amblycirrhitus: Greek, amblys = darkness + Latin, cirrus = curl (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 46 m (Ref. 7510). Tropical; - 13°S
Western Atlantic: southern Florida and Texas (USA), Bahamas and throughout the Caribbean Sea to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Ref. 57756). Eastern Atlantic: St. Helena (?, Randall pers. comm.).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5288)
Moderately common in rocky areas and among rubble, often in crevices and shallow caves. Usually lies at rest on the substrate (Ref. 9626). Feeds primarily on small crustaceans, particularly copepods, shrimps and shrimp larvae, crabs and crab larvae as well as polychaetes (Ref. 7510).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pelagic spawner. Further histological evidence is needed to establish protogyny (Ref. 103751).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25 - 28.4, mean 27.5 °C (based on 344 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00365 - 0.02386), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.2 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 103 [62, 202] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.757 [0.450, 1.195] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.9, 19.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.171 [0.109, 0.263] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.6 [13.4, 42.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 163 [60, 431] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.82 [1.27, 2.57] mg/100g (wet weight);