Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Bramidae
Etymology: Taractichthys: Greek, taraktes = confusion; for the pletora of names that have been applied to this fish + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Döderlein.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 50 - 700 m (Ref. 58488). Tropical; 40°N - 36°S, 40°E - 110°W
Indo-Pacific and Eastern Central Pacific: East Africa to California, USA. References to Taractichthys longipinnis in the Indo-Pacific are considered misidentifications of this species. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4388); max. published weight: 11.0 kg (Ref. 4388); max. reported age: 8 years (Ref. 4388)
soft rays: 26 - 28;
Vertebrae: 44 - 46. Body covered with large hard scales, each with a spine. Anterior lobes of dorsal and anal fins high, but changing in shape and height with growth; both fins covered with scales, not depressible in a groove. There are no areas without scales above nor behind the eye. Adults without a lateral line. Attains 60 cm SL.
Occurs along the shelf edge (Ref. 11230).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, M.M., 1986. Bramidae. p. 633-636. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4388)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.7 - 21.6, mean 15.2 °C (based on 425 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00772 - 0.04098), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=8).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 67.9 [33.2, 135.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.556 [0.290, 1.108] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [16.9, 20.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.238 [0.125, 0.433] g/100g ; Selenium = 52.1 [22.9, 112.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 55.1 [17.4, 187.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.755 [0.435, 1.220] mg/100g (wet weight);