Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Latilidae
Etymology: Caulolatilus: Greek, kaulos = stem, stalk + Latin, latus = wide (Ref. 45335); princeps: princeps meaning leader (Ref. 6885).
More on author: Jenyns.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 91 m (Ref. 5227), usually 24 - 55 m (Ref. 5227). Subtropical; 51°N - 18°S, 129°W - 70°W
Eastern Pacific: Vancouver Island in British Columbia, Canada to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands; rare north of central California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 102 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. published weight: 5.8 kg (Ref. 40637)
Inhabits rocky bottoms (Ref. 9119). Also found on soft sand and mud bottoms. Solitary species. Digs into the substrate for food (Ref. 5227).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dooley, J.K., 1978. Systematics and biology of the tilefishes (Perciformes: Branchiostegidae and Malacanthidae) with descriptions of two new species. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circ. No. 411:1-78. (Ref. 8991)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15.8 - 25.6, mean 19 °C (based on 32 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00292 - 0.01715), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tm>4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (61 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 18.3 [10.4, 33.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.531 [0.331, 0.915] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [15.6, 21.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.132 [0.075, 0.225] g/100g ; Selenium = 22.9 [11.8, 44.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 41.1 [12.5, 125.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.732 [0.491, 1.102] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.