Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Apogon: Greek, a = without + Greek pogon = chin, beard (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Böhlke & Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 50 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 27°N - 12°N
Western Atlantic: Florida Keys, USA and Bahamas to the Antilles (Ref. 26340) and Curaçao.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Light red with two posterior dark brown bars, the first linking rear base of second dorsal and anal fins, and the broader second posteriorly on caudal peduncle.
Prefers coral and rocky areas with little sand. Looks very similar to Apogon planifrons which occurs in the same area.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.1 - 28, mean 27.1 °C (based on 132 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01549 (0.00726 - 0.03306), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 169 [94, 320] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.977 [0.613, 1.804] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.168 [0.094, 0.298] g/100g ; Selenium = 23.9 [11.6, 49.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 73.4 [22.5, 247.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.65 [1.07, 2.52] mg/100g (wet weight);