Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Percoidei
(Perchs) > Percidae
(Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335); vigil: vigil meaning wide awake (Ref. 10294).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 39°N - 31°N
North America: Mississippi River basin from southwestern Indiana and southeastern Missouri to Louisiana in the USA; Gulf Slope from Escambia River drainage in Alabama and Florida to Mississippi River in Louisiana. The name Percina vigil replaces Percina ouachitae.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 4.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 2.00 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits sand and gravel runs of creeks and small to medium rivers, sometimes in very shallow water (Ref. 3814, 10294). Feeds on pleurocerid (Leptoxis) river snails, hydropsychid caddisfly larvae, midge larvae, and small mayfly nymphs, such as baetids (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (20):183 p. (Ref. 3814)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00231 - 0.01249), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tmax=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).