Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Grammistinae
Etymology: Pseudogramma: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, gramma = letter, signal (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 61 m (Ref. 27020). Tropical; 32°N -
Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida in USA and Bahamas to northern South America. Also Antilles and Yucatan (Ref. 26938).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 14 - 16;
Vertebrae: 26. Live adults dark reddish brown with pale reddish blotches; opercular spot black. Side of lips with a dark-edged whitish bar. Dark red dots extending posteriorly from the eye absent. Adults with a broad-based, slender, triangular, dermal flap dorsally on eye. A pair of large pores in interorbital space, one on each side close to the edge of the orbit; a small median pore posteriorly in interorbital space. Tubular anterior nostril when laid back slightly more than half distance to posterior nostril; when projecting forward, about 1/4 distance from edge of snout to edge of orbit, just reaching groove at base of upper lip. Second lateral line not fully developed. Longitudinal scale series 42-46.
Inhabits areas with live coral. Common in rubble but secretive (Ref. 9710). Feeds on crustaceans and polychaetes (Ref. 27020).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and C.C. Baldwin, 1997. Revision of the serranid fishes of the subtribe Pseudogrammina, with descriptions of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (26):56 p. (Ref. 27020)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.5 - 28, mean 27.2 (based on 232 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00437 - 0.02882), b=3.06 (2.84 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.40 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .