Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Liopropomatinae
Etymology: Liopropoma: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek, pro = in front of + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 30 - 60 m (Ref. 7251). Deep-water; 32°N -
Western Atlantic: Bermuda, southern Florida (USA) and Bahamas to northern South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
A solitary species (Ref. 26340) inhabiting rocky and reef areas.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 20.9 - 27.5, mean 25.9 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 30.4 [12.9, 87.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.38 [0.17, 0.76] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [16, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.268 [0.119, 0.591] g/100g ; Selenium = 8.61 [2.88, 21.67] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 74.6 [12.9, 473.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.723 [0.413, 1.260] mg/100g (wet weight);