Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 45°N - 27°N
North America: Lake Michigan and Mississippi River basins from Wisconsin and Minnesota south to the Gulf in the USA; east to Indiana and Tennessee and west to Iowa and Oklahoma in the USA. Lower Mobile Bay drainage in Alabama and from Pearl River drainage in Louisiana to Galveston Bay drainage in Texas, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 23.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 11.0 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 72462)
Occur in pools and backwaters of small to large rivers; also in ponds and lakes (Ref. 5723, 10294). Young feed on microcrustaceans and midge larvae; adults on fish such as shad and silversides (Ref. 10294).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Assuming same mode of reproduction as in M. saxatilis.
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5781 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00625 - 0.02210), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 3.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=6).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .