Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathinae
Etymology: Cosmocampus: Greek, kosmos = order, organization + Greek, kampe = bent, curvature (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jenkins & Evermann.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 10 m (Ref. 5316). Subtropical
Eastern Pacific: Tomales Bay, California to Mazatlán, Mexico; throughout the Gulf of California.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Adults occur in bay and reef localities among eelgrass and algae. Also pelagic (Ref. 2850). Males may be mature at 5.9 cm SL. Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Monogamous mating is observed as both obligate and genetic (Ref. 52884). Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.8 - 24.2, mean 22.3 °C (based on 115 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00036 (0.00016 - 0.00083), b=3.18 (2.99 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 123 [56, 272] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.4 [0.7, 2.6] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [18.0, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.197 [0.106, 0.384] g/100g ; Selenium = 17 [8, 40] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.5 [10.0, 146.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.39 [0.87, 2.27] mg/100g (wet weight);