Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Centriscidae
(Snipefishes and shrimpfishes) > Macroramphosinae
Etymology: Macroramphosus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, rhamphos = beak, bill (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lowe.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 50 - 500 m (Ref. 58302), usually 50 - 150 m (Ref. 58302). Deep-water; 45°N - 40°S, 180°W - 180°E
Indo-Pacific and Western Central Atlantic: Indo-West-Pacific: Africa through the tropical Pacific to Hawaii and Desventuradas Is. and Juan Fernandez Is. (Ref. 89357). Eastern Central Pacific: California, USA. Western Central Atlantic: Florida, USA and Bahamas to Cuba (Ref. 7251).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found in a wide range of habitats, from near surface to near bottom and sometimes in huge schools (Ref. 2850). May range into coastal waters (Ref. 36711). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 36711). Seems to be sympatric with Macroramphosus scolopax (Linnaeus, 1758) all around the world (Ref. 89357).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 11.8 - 26.8, mean 19.7 °C (based on 1175 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7502 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00600 - 0.03648), b=2.93 (2.72 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.55-1.18; tmax=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .