Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Holocentriformes
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentridae
(Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 33 - 110 m (Ref. 35505), usually ? - 82 m (Ref. 37108). Tropical
Western Atlantic: South Carolina (USA), Bermuda, Bahamas, northeastern Gulf of Mexico to Lesser Antilles (Ref. 7251), and southern Brazil (Ref. 47377).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 47377); common length : 13.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
soft rays: 8. Usually ones small black spot present on tip of membrane between 1st and 2nd dorsal spines; nasal without spine (Ref. 13608). Snout spinules small, scales asymmetrical. Ridges on lower half of opercle numerous. Head and body salmon red with six very distinct white stripes (Ref. 37108).
Known from offshore , deep waters, with adults trawled between 33-110 m (Ref. 37108). Intertidal observations were also reported (Ref. 49162).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., B.B. Collette and B.E. Luckhurst, 1999. Fishes of Bermuda: history, zoogeography, annotated checklist, and identification keys. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists Special Publication No. 4. 424 p. (Ref. 35505)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 19.5 - 27.4, mean 24.7 °C (based on 117 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01660 (0.00810 - 0.03401), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 111 [41, 377] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.576 [0.268, 1.716] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [18, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.162 [0.066, 0.392] g/100g ; Selenium = 32.9 [17.4, 61.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 74.7 [27.3, 204.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.12 [0.98, 4.19] mg/100g (wet weight);