Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335); pacificus: Named after the Pacific Ocean (Ref. 6885).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 9 - 399 m (Ref. 2850). Deep-water
Eastern Pacific: Gulf of Alaska to northern Baja California, Mexico.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 14 - ? cm
Max length : 46.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2850); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 6885)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found on silty or sandy bottoms (Ref. 27436). Moves into shallow water at night to feed on marine worms, crustaceans, small bivalves, and brittle stars (Ref. 6885, 27436). Few live over 5 years (Ref. 6885). If used live as bait, it attracts large rockfishes, greenlings or codfishes (Ref. 27436). Flesh considered good but not esteemed (Ref. 27436).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.3 - 9.4, mean 6.8 °C (based on 123 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00137 - 0.00504), b=3.22 (3.05 - 3.39), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.5 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Ave. Fec=30).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (47 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .