Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 3 - 90 m (Ref. 117245), usually 9 - 15 m (Ref. 4695). Temperate; 82°N - 63°N, 35°E - 94°W (Ref. 117245)
Arctic: White Sea and southern parts of the Kara Sea; Laptev Sea, Novosiberian Isles, near the mouth of the Kolyma River, Chukchi Sea and near Herschel Island in the Beaufort Sea.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 21.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 11954)
Found on shallow, inshore soft bottoms, mostly in brackish waters with salinities of about 15-27 ppt. (Ref. 4695). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on isopods, bivalves, polychaetes (Ref. 4695).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Andriashev, A.P., 1986. Zoarcidae. p. 1130-1150. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): -1.8 - 0.4, mean -1.6 (based on 1485 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00234 (0.00112 - 0.00489), b=3.24 (3.06 - 3.42), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.38 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .