Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Phycidae
Etymology: Urophycis: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, phyke, pykis, -idos = the female of a fish that lives among algae (Greek = phykon), related with the gudgeon (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Kaup.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 24 - 190 m. Subtropical; 21°S - 46°S, 68°W - 41°W
Southwest Atlantic: southern Brazil, Uruguay, Argentina and Falkland Is.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94910); common length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6077)
soft rays: 43 - 46. Body elongated; head small; eyes small. First dorsal-fin ray elongated; pelvic fins extending beyond the origin of the anal fin. Mottled pattern on back and upper sides.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 20.6 - 25.5, mean 24.8 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5044 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00383 - 0.00570), b=3.13 (3.07 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.68 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=2-3).
Prior r = 0.51, 95% CL = 0.33 - 0.76, Based on 2 stock assessments.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 85.8 [42.0, 178.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.08 [0.60, 1.84] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.6, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.356 [0.196, 0.640] g/100g ; Selenium = 37 [18, 70] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.8 [4.2, 39.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.726 [0.517, 1.044] mg/100g (wet weight);