Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Hemiodontidae
Etymology: Bivibranchia: Latin, bivium = a place where two ways meet; from Latin bi = two + latin, via = way; having or offering two ways; 1877 + Greek, brangchia = gills (Ref. 45335); bimaculata: Named for the two dark spots on the lateral surface of the body and caudal peduncle. More on author: Vari.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Corantijn, Suriname, and Maroni River basins.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38289)
Occurs over sandy and rocky bottoms. Has a very protractile mouth which allows it to dig in the sand for organisms on which it feeds. Oviparous (Ref. 205). The juveniles are often found in tributaries which may be very distant from the main river beds (Ref. 12225).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Planquette, P., P. Keith and P.-Y. Le Bail, 1996. Atlas des poissons d'eau douce de Guyane. Tome 1. Collection du Patrimoine Naturel Volume 22, MNHN, Paris & INRA, Paris. 429 p. (Ref. 12225)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00332 - 0.01813), b=3.12 (2.91 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .