Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Leuciscidae
(Minnows) > Laviniinae
Etymology: Hesperoleucus: Greek, hesperos = the land of the west + Greek, leukos = white (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Baird & Girard.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Temperate; 43°N - 35°N
North America: Sacramento-San Joaquin, Russian, Pajaro-Salinas and smaller coastal drainages in California, USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5723); common length : 8.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. reported age: 5 years (Ref. 72464)
(total): 7-10. Mouth slightly subterminal; body deep, compressed, tapering to narrow caudal peduncle; dorsal-fin origin behind pelvic-fin origin; caudal fin large; scales on lateral line 47-63; dorsal fin with 7-10 rays; pharyngeal teeth 0,5-4,0; dusky gray to steel blue above; dark stripe along side; silver white below; and breeding individuals with red orange-chin, gill cover, and anal and paired-fin bases (Ref. 86798).
Inhabits rocky pools of headwaters, creeks and small to medium rivers (Ref. 86798).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Boston : Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 663p. (Ref. 86798)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00445 - 0.02830), b=3.03 (2.81 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 2.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.5).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .