Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical
Western Central Pacific: known only from Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 49864)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 14;
Vertebrae: 24. Mouth protruding forward, not downward; teeth small, slender, pointed, uniserial on jaws; membrane between jaws and cheeks densely pigmented, with a black line between anteroventral margin of eye and the lower articulation when mouth closed; lateral line incomplete, ending below base of 11th to 15th dorsal fin soft ray; body rather deep, 40-44% SL; posterior limb of maxilla long, 27-30% HL; anteroventral profile of lower jaw slightly concave; belly almost wholly scaled; large blotch below base of dorsal fin spine (Ref. 49864).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kimura, S., P.V. Dunlap, T. Peristiwady and C.R. Lavilla-Pitogo, 2003. The Leiognathus aureus complex (Perciformes: Leiognathidae) with the description of a new species. Ichthyol. Res. 50(3):221-232. (Ref. 49864)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .