Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Salmoniformes
(Salmons) > Salmonidae
(Salmonids) > Salmoninae
Etymology: Salmo: Latin, salmo, Plinius = salmon (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical; 10°C - 11°C
Europe: Lake Posta Fibreno and tributaries in Italy.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 11.5, range 11 - 12 cm
Max length : 19.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Distinguished from all congeners in Italy by having the following unique characters: 7-11 large parr-marks in adults; and 15-20 large roundish, ocellated spots on flank, reddish or dark brown (ocellus about eye-size) (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits Lake Posta Fibreno, an elongated karstic lake with underwater springs and caves, 1.1km long, 0.1-0.3 km wide, 0.29 square kilometer, 285 m above sea level, 15 m deep (average depth 2.5 m), about 10°C throughout the year, and clear and well oxygenated water. Sometimes enters lake tributaries. Spawns close to underwater springs in December-January. The lake is very vulnerable to fish introduction or accidental pollution (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00498 - 0.02308), b=3.03 (2.86 - 3.20), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .