Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Davis.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 10 - 19 m (Ref. 7251). Subtropical; 41°N - 16°N, 98°W - 64°W
Western Atlantic: New Jersey, USA and Bermuda to southern Florida, USA and eastern Gulf of Mexico (to Mississippi River Delta). Reported from Cuba and Belize (Ref. 26340).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Abundant in seagrass beds and banks; rarely in bays and not occurring on coral reefs.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.4 - 28, mean 26.5 °C (based on 298 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00048 (0.00026 - 0.00088), b=3.27 (3.12 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 95.7 [50.3, 177.3] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.957 [0.583, 1.568] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [17.6, 21.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.342 [0.168, 0.895] g/100g ; Selenium = 39.8 [20.5, 77.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.6 [3.5, 42.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.74 [0.53, 1.04] mg/100g (wet weight);