Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 150 - 2000 m (Ref. 86949), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C -
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27311)
Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: escal bulb with distal pair of fringed anterior filaments; medial distal papilla with short filaments present; one or two pairs of stout distal posterior filaments; simple tapering appendage emerging from behind escal pore; barbel with short, stout, undivided stem, length 10-17% SL to base of series of 5-6 short branches, each with a number of branched filaments at distal tip; filaments and transparent distal part of primary branches with numerous, small, globular luminous organs, internal, sessile, or set on short stalks; lower jaw without symphisial spine. Males without pointed sphenotic spines. Larvae, males and juvenile female with two lateral rows of large subdermal melanophores along side of body, with concentration at base of caudal fin (Ref. 86949).
Also mesopelagic (Ref. 7300).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.2 - 11.1, mean 6.7 °C (based on 507 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .