Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Asia: India and Pakistan. Widespread in the Indus drainage.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 100886)
Occurs in clear mountain streams (Ref. 41236). Benthic bottom feeder preferring lentic habitats (Ref. 33323).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Reported to migrate from the lakes into the Jhelum river to breed on sandy beds in July-August.
Kullander, S.O., F. Fang, B. Delling and E. Åhlander, 1999. The fishes of the Kashmir Valley. p. 99-167 In L. Nyman (ed.) River Jhelum, Kashmir Valley: impacts on the aquatic environment. (Ref. 33323)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00322 - 0.01294), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .