Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Smiliogastrinae
Etymology: Enteromius: Greek, enteron = intestine + Greek, myo, mys = muscle (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: ? - 6.7; dH range: ? - 8; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060)
Africa: wide distribution area, known from the Sahelian as well as from coastal basins (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639). Identification of collections from the upper Koto River drainage (Ubangi tributary, middle Congo River basin) in Central African Republic (Ref. 41414) needs confirmation.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2940)
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: Head pointed (Ref. 2940, 81282). Two pairs of moderately developed barbels, anterior pair may reach the anterior border of eye, posterior pair to the middle of eye; lateral line complete and horizontal; 22-27 scales in lateral line; 3.5 scales between lateral line and dorsal fin origin; 3.5 scales between lateral line and mid-belly; 2.5 scales between lateral line and pelvic-fin base; 12 scales around caudal peduncle; dorsal fin with slightly concave border; 8 branched dorsal fin rays; last simple dorsal-fin ray flexible and smooth on hind margin; no black spots; distinct black stripe in middle of sides and snout; dorsal fin colorless; maximum reported size 96 mm SL (Ref. 2940, 81282, 81639).
Maximum TL was recorded at 11 cm; polymorphic; occurs mostly in forest rivers (Ref. 2801).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., C. Lévêque, D. Paugy and K. Traoré, 1988. État des connaissances sur la faune ichtyologique des bassins côtiers de Côte d'Ivoire et de l'ouest du Ghana. Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 21(3):221-237. (Ref. 272)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: ; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00534 - 0.01789), b=2.93 (2.78 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.5 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=500).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .