Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes
(Stingrays) > Urolophidae
Etymology: Urolophus: Greek, oura = tail + Greek, lophos = crest (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 50 m (Ref. 6871), usually - m (Ref. ). Temperate; 0°C - ; 32°S - 42°S
Eastern Indian Ocean: endemic to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6871)
Occurs on the continental shelf and inshore waters (Ref. 7300, 75154). Found partly covered with sand near seagrass beds (Ref. 6871).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens, 1994. Sharks and rays of Australia. CSIRO, Australia. 513 p. (Ref. 6871)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming fecundity<100).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 15 [2, 86] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.236 [0.044, 0.907] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.2 [17.8, 22.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.428 [0.148, 1.189] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.5 [3.5, 49.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 10.5 [2.4, 43.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.435 [0.113, 1.566] mg/100g (wet weight);