Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Acestrorhynchidae
(Smallscale pike characins) > Acestrorhynchinae
Etymology: Acestrorhynchus: Greek, agkistron = hook + Greek, rhyngchos = snout (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Amazon and Orinoco River basins and rivers of Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111518); max. published weight: 255.00 g (Ref. 111518)
soft rays: 21 - 27. Possesses a humeral spot shaped as an oval or inverted teardrop, occupying not less than a quarter of the height of the body; caudal peduncle with a black spot covering between one third and almost the totality of its depth (Ref. 52916).
Attains a length of around 20 cm. As indicated by its dentition and body form, it is a formidable predator which feeds exclusively on fish. A ubiquitous species, but frequently found throughout the length of waters with moderate flow. Reproduction begins with the onset of the rainy season (Ref. 12225).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Menezes, N.A., 2003. Family Acestrorhynchidae (Acestrorhynchids). p. 231-233. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38248)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00676 (0.00421 - 0.01086), b=3.15 (3.01 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .