Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Diplotaxodon: Greek, diploos = twice + Greek, taxis = disposition + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range 34 - 114 m (Ref. 55949). Tropical; 12°S - 15°S
Africa: Endemic to the south end of Lake Malawi.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55949)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: relatively shallow body with flat dorsal profile; relatively large, upturned mouth with strongly protruding lower jaw; large number of gill-rakers (Ref. 55949).
Occurs in open water at mostly deep levels, where it can form enormous shoals. Feeds on fishes, mainly on lake sardine, Engraulicypris sardella (Ref. 5595).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Turner, G.F., R.L. Robinson, P.W. Shaw and G.R. Carvalho, 2004. Identification and biology of Diplotaxodon, Rhamphochromis and Pallidochromis. p.198-251. In Snoeks, J. (ed.) The cichlid diversity of Lake Malawi/Nyasa/Niassa: identification, distribution and taxonomy. Cichlid Press, El Paso, USA, 360p. (Ref. 55949)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 203 [105, 404] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.66 [0.99, 3.11] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.2 [16.7, 19.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.434 [0.156, 1.259] g/100g ; Selenium = 46.2 [20.5, 129.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 110 [30, 333] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.93 [1.28, 3.65] mg/100g (wet weight);