Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: upper Dja (middle Congo River basin) and rivers Nyong and Ntem in Cameroon, and Ivindo system in Gabon (Ref. 2, 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
(total): 14 - 16;
soft rays: 8 - 10. Diagnosis: 20-24 rakers on lower limb of first arch; length of lower pharyngeal jaw < 43.5% of head length; 27-30 scales in lateral line; head length 33.6-39.5% of standard length; total dorsal rays (including spines) 24-27 (Ref. 81260). Color in life is silver-grey, darker on back, whitish below with a series of pink spots along flank, one to each scale; genital papilla small and leaf-shaped in male, truncate in female; tips of dorsal soft rays reaching vertical of 0.25 to 0.75 length of caudal, anal not quite so far; pelvic extremity reaching vent or nearly (Ref. 2).
Lacks marked sexual dichromatism when sexually active; forms temporary pair bonds (Ref. 81260).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Trewavas, E. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Sarotherodon. p. 425-437. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4999)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01698 (0.00737 - 0.03914), b=3.03 (2.83 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .