Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Moridae
Etymology: Gadella: Diminutive of latin, gadus = a fish, cod? (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 150 - 900 m (Ref. 104125). Subtropical; 46°N - 25°N, 28°W - 37°E (Ref. 1371)
Eastern Atlantic: off Portugal, Madeira, the Azores and the Great Meteor Bank. Its southern distribution along the west coast of Africa is not clear. Also known from the Mediterranean.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 15 - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
spines: 0. Anal fin originating on anterior third of body; pectoral fins reaching far beyond the anal fin origin; filamentous ray of pelvic fin reaching slightly beyond the anal fin origin. Color is generally dark, oral cavity pale.
Occurs on the upper slope, over hard bottom (Ref. 4495, 4774). Depth range from 150-700 m (Ref. 01371) and from 368-748 m in the eastern Ionian Sea (Ref. 56504). Possibly a spring spawner with pelagic larvae (Ref. 4774).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.1 - 15, mean 14.1 °C (based on 123 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00468 (0.00277 - 0.00790), b=3.15 (3.00 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.41 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 112 [52, 220] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.03 [0.53, 1.75] mg/100g ; Protein = 18 [17, 20] % ; Omega3 = 0.234 [0.126, 0.447] g/100g ; Selenium = 27.6 [12.4, 60.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.3 [7.2, 89.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.11 [0.74, 1.67] mg/100g (wet weight);