Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Scomberoidinae
Etymology: Scomberoides: Greek, skombros = tunny or mackerel, 1623 + Greek, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 10 - 13 m. Tropical; 40°N - 40°S
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to the Philippines, north to China, south to Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Spots on sides elongate vertically, forming short bars in adults (Ref. 48635).
Adults inhabit inshore waters at a temperature range of 26.0-29.0 °C (Ref. 4959). Adults feed mainly on fish. Usually seen swimming solitary in surface waters (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.9 - 29.3, mean 28.6 °C (based on 2989 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00437 - 0.01737), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 39.3 [23.1, 72.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.655 [0.404, 1.213] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.1 [19.1, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.176 [0.120, 0.268] g/100g ; Selenium = 45.1 [25.1, 75.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 94.9 [36.2, 247.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.768 [0.516, 1.079] mg/100g (wet weight);