Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 22 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 32°N - 22°S
Indo-West Pacific: East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Tonga.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 85.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635); common length : 35.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9137); max. published weight: 2.6 kg (Ref. 3287)
Adults inhabit coastal waters. They occur singly or in small to large schools (Ref. 90102) at a depth of 15 m or less along steep drop-offs. Piscivore (Ref. 97629).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1984. Carangidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. [pag. var.]. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3287)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.2 - 29.3, mean 28.5 °C (based on 3170 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00733 - 0.03589), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.67 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 38.5 [18.9, 84.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.63 [0.68, 3.97] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.4 [17.1, 21.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.331 [0.151, 0.700] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.8 [4.8, 32.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 32.3 [3.2, 254.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.878 [0.452, 1.894] mg/100g (wet weight);