Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Carangoides: French, carangue, the name of a Caribbean fish; 1836 (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Jordan & Gilbert.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 60 - 100 m (Ref. 37955). Tropical; 23°N - 1°S
Eastern Pacific: southern Baja California, Mexico to Ecuador and the Galapagos Islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55763)
Body compressed and sub-oval in juveniles, oblong in adults; dorsal profile of snout slightly oblique, then abruptly vertical over anterior edge of premaxilla; lobes of second dorsal and anal fins very long; ventral part of chest scaleless up to origin of pectoral fins; body silvery blue with yellow golden highlights; dorsal side of operculum with a black spot; base of second dorsal fin membranes with small black spots (Ref. 55763).
Adults are found in oceanic waters (Ref. 9283). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R. and D.R. Robertson, 1994. Fishes of the tropical eastern Pacific. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu. 332 p. (Ref. 11482)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.5 - 24, mean 16.7 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00733 - 0.03589), b=2.95 (2.78 - 3.12), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.8 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 68.3 [29.1, 159.6] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.59 [0.69, 3.56] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [16.9, 21.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.317 [0.154, 0.643] g/100g ; Selenium = 18.1 [6.5, 45.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 39.6 [4.7, 294.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.645 [0.339, 1.436] mg/100g (wet weight);