Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Apsilinae
Etymology: Paracaesio: Greek, para = the side of + Latin, caesium = bluish grey (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 100 - 310 m (Ref. 9821), usually 125 - 250 m (Ref. 82366). Tropical; 32°N - 26°S, 116°E - 167°W (Ref. 55)
Western Pacific: Samoa to Taiwan and Singapore and from the Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands southward to New Caledonia and northeastern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9821)
soft rays: 8. Eye large, about 3.6 times in head length. Interorbital space convex. Large specimens developing a hump on forehead. Lower jaw protruding slightly. Maxilla scaled. Scale rows on back parallel to lateral line. Pectoral fins long, reaching level of anus. Back and upper sides brown; remainder of head and body silvery white with 4 broad vertical bars on upper side. Fins grayish, whitish or slightly yellowish.
Adults are found over rocky bottoms. Marketed fresh.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 13.2 - 23.4, mean 19.2 °C (based on 97 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00661 - 0.02512), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.66 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 104 [57, 169] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.651 [0.330, 1.138] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.6 [16.7, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.257 [0.149, 0.443] g/100g ; Selenium = 76.3 [40.3, 145.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 22.7 [8.4, 73.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.898 [0.578, 1.362] mg/100g (wet weight);